Q: - Describe the role of family, school, teacher, and partner in the development of childhood.
Ans: Childhood is the second stage of human development after birth which starts after the end of infancy. In this stage, he starts learning personal and social behavior and his formal education also starts.

Educationally, childhood is one of the most important stages of life. The age of childhood ranges from 6 years to 12 years. Childhood is called the state of impetus.

** According to Cole: - "Childhood is a unique period of life".
** According to Kilpatrick: "Childhood is the building period of life."
** According to Cole and Bruce: - "It is really difficult for parents to understand the stage of child development."
  The role of a family school teacher and Sangi is very important in the development of childhood, which is as follows: ---
😊 Family's role in the development of childhood: - 
The family is the first school for the development of the child. The family or house is the minimum group unit of society. In the family, the child learns the difference between generosity, selflessness, selflessness, selfishness, justice and injustice and truth and imperfection, hard work, and laziness.

                             * Moutesari * has considered the family environment and circumstances important for the development of children.

According to Remant: - "The family is the place where great qualities arise whose common characteristic is sympathy."

* Family or home is the first school for a child.

* Training in morality and sociality is imparted.

* Properties of adjustment and adaptation develop.

* Simulates social behavior.

Social, moral, cultural and spiritual values ​​develop.

* Interest, interest, and tendencies develop.

* Teaches family members to behave in the society.

Role of school in the development of childhood ☺️: -
Schools are institutions that is established by a civilized human being to succeed in preparing the child for a well organized and deserving membership in the society.

                According to John DV: - "Schools are a reflection of the larger society outside their walls. In which life is taught by living. It is a simple, pure, and perfect society."

1. It makes the child face complex situations of life.

2. Preserves social-cultural heritage and transfers it to the next generation.

3. The university works to connect children with a home and the world.

4. The school has an important contribution to the harmonious development of personality.

5. In the college, the ideals of society, discussions are propagated and they contribute to the creation of uneducated citizens.

6. The school develops social, mental, creative, emotional, democratic, fundamental, leadership, etc. of children.

According to Thomson: - "The school develops mental, physical, community, character, national and international development of children and imparts training on healthy living."

Role of the teacher by the development of childhood ☺️: - 

Children spend most of their time in school after family where they are constantly in touch with teachers. The teacher not only helps in the cognitive development of children but also helps in developing other aspects of development. Physical development of children is also possible through various games and exercises. By creating an appropriate environment inside and outside the classroom, social- They also promote emotional development. Therefore, the role of teachers becomes very important in the all-round development of children's personality.

* According to William James *: - 'The first task of the teacher is to sort and write the habits which are most beneficial for the children throughout their life. "

1. Social Development: -

It is the responsibility of the teacher in the children to develop social understanding among the children, so the activities, interests, attitudes, and behavior of children should be observed inside the classroom and outside the classroom.

2. Moral Development: -

Children should be instructed in the right and proper direction by the teacher.

3. Development of creativity: -

Ability to solve problems in children by the teacher, the ability to evaluate, the ability to test and the level of feelings towards new activities etc.

4. Development of adjustable capacity: -

Teachers need to change their environment only then the child can establish adjustment by himself and by understanding.

Role of companions in the development of childhood ☺️: -
1. Children in their childhood want to free themselves from the shadow of elders or try to. Parents do not want to spend time with older members of the family.

2. They want to become members of the gang or gang of children of our age, the influence of its fellow members can be seen as its social development.

3. The child, by becoming a member of some group, follows the appropriate, unreasonable ideals set by the group and follows the direction, thereby developing a sense of responsibility and cooperation.
4. According to Harlock: "Sathi - develops the qualities of self-control, courage, justice, tolerance, harmony towards others" among fellow children.

5. Due to the influence of the companions, the child is encouraged to compete in social work and activities, which leads to the development of extrovert talent. Such as literature, music, art, society - service, social interaction, etc.

6. Due to contact with children, children begin to experience what is their place in society and how should they live in society.

7. Due to the influence of partners, the child develops a sense of social maturity and a sense of obligation towards society.

8. The child is not self-centered and selfish due to being in groups.

9. With peers, the child does not learn the qualities but also learns his demerits.

          Conclusions: -

Therefore, we can conclude thus that family, school, teacher, and partner are very important in the all-round development of the child. A good family, good school, good teacher, and good partner - a good and responsible personality. That works for the national interest.

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